# How to Calculate Manufacturing Overhead Costs?

Manufacturing Overhead costs are the indirect factory-related costs utilized at the time of manufacturing a product.

For calculating manufacturing overhead costs, you need to add all the indirect industrial costs brought about while manufacturing an item.

It includes the expenses of :

•  Indirect materials
•  Indirect labor
•  Machine repairment
•  Depreciation
•  Manufacturing plant supplies
•  Power supplies
•  Insurance

The list goes on.

## What To Include in Manufacturing Overhead?

For manufacturing items, you need extra resources and labor. It also requires a continuous supply of electricity and factory resources to carry on its processes smoothly.

Examples are:

• Wages of maintenance faculty
• Wages of industrial supervisors
• Wages of the material handlers
• Wages of the quality control staff
• Lease of the production building
• Taxes and insurance charges on manufacturing facilities and equipment
• Computer and communication system for the manufacturing facility
• Devaluation of manufacturing equipment
• Supplies not associated with products
• Utilities for factory
• Wages for Caretaker staff

These expenses do not include variable costs that need to manufacture products, such as,

•  Direct materials
•  Direct labor

## How to Calculate Manufacturing Overhead Rate?

### CALCULATING THE TOTAL MANUFACTURING OVERHEAD :

Identify all the manufacturing processâ€™s indirect costs, then add all the indirect expenses to calculate the manufacturing overhead.

For determining the overhead manufacturing rate, you need first to calculate manufacturing overhead costs. It is the percentage that you should pay for overheads consistently every month.

Letâ€™s take an example:

\$600,000 in monthly sales, the overhead rate will be:

Manufacturing Overhead Rate = 100,000/600,000 x 100

It implies 17% of your monthly income will be your organization’s overhead expenses. If the manufacturing overhead rate is low, it shows that the business is utilizing its assets productively. In another case, a higher ratio indicates a slow production process.

• You can set up a budget by determining the manufacturing overhead costs. Then you can keep the money with you to cover all the overhead costs.

## How to Account for Manufacturing Overhead?

As per the Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP), you need to add the manufacturing overhead to direct labor and direct materials costs to determine the cost of goods sold and the value of inventory.

You should add these costs to the stock valuation of finished goods and work in progress.

The income statement and balance sheet must have COGS and inventory value.

## How Do You Calculate Allocated Manufacturing Overhead?

You need to allocate the manufacturing overhead to each product to keep each manufacturerâ€™s financial statement in compliance with GAAP.

### Steps to Calculate Allocated Manufacturing Overhead:

The calculation of Allocated Manufacturing Overhead follows the following steps:

• Calculate the manufacturing overhead costs. Some of them are permanent, while others may vary with increased and decreased production.
• Calculate the manufacturing overhead costs. Some of them are permanent, while others may vary with increased and decreased production.
• Calculate the manufacturing overhead costs. Some of them are permanent, while others may vary with increased and decreased production.
• Calculate the manufacturing overhead costs. Some of them are permanent, while others may vary with increased and decreased production.
• Calculate the manufacturing overhead costs. Some of them are permanent, while others may vary with increased and decreased production.

For Example, If a manufacturing plant has \$3,000 in overhead costs and 600 direct work hours,

The overhead cost = \$3,000/600) = \$5 connected to each work hour.

Manufacturing overhead is important for running a manufacturing unit. Keeping a record of these costs helps you determine your business’s efficiency and performance. It also helps you to control your overhead costs as per requirement.

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