What Is Loan Receivable?

What Is Loan Receivable?

Loan receivable is a term sued in banking for an asset account in a bank’s ledger, which shows the amount owed by borrowers. The ledger of the lender has all the information and amount that is still unpaid by the borrowers. Like all other accounting processes, loans receivable are also done in a logical and transparent manner. 


How To Record a Loan Receivable in Accounting?

Banks use a double-entry system for all their transactions. This system requires a lot of book-keeping processes, where each entry made in the system has a corresponding entry as well. 

This system gives more accurate results and quickly detects even minor errors. Moreover, it is useful in detecting any scam or fraud. 

Example of Loan Receiveable 

Suppose you are a business owner and want to get a $20,000 bank loan to buy some stuff for your office use. You will go to the bank and fill out the loan form. The banker will ask questions and check your business details to approve the loan. 

You got the loan with the repayment in monthly installments for two years. $20,000 is directly credited to your account. 

The banker will record this particular transaction properly and check that the same amount is debited from the bank and credited to the borrower’s account. If the amount is not the same, then it shows that there is some error. 

Is a Loan Payment an Expense?

It can be considered as an expense partially but not fully. The interest on the loan balance is actually the expense. Other than the interest, there is no expense on the part of the borrower. 

Is a Loan an Asset?

A loan is considered a current asset but is also listed separately as a liability.  

Suppose you took a loan of $20,000 from the bank to buy a bike’s spare parts. The bank gave you $20,000, and now you have to pay them $20,000 in a given period of time, along with the bank fee and interest. When the loan is paid back, you still have the bike’s spare parts, which are your asset but will also depreciate with time. 

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